Nagorno-Karabakh is a mountainous territory in the South Caucasus, home to 150 000 people. It is one of the unrecognized states that emerged from the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 and is probably one of the most disadvantaged areas in Europe.
For more than 20 years, Nagorno-Karabakh’s population has been largely isolated from the outside world. Except for two roads linking it with the Republic of Armenia, all the territory’s borders are closed and most of them are in fact frontlines. Furthermore, the Republic of Azerbaijan has worked to ensure that international institutions and NGOs stay away from the territory. Nagorno-Karabakh is thus the only territory in Europe which the European Union is entirely absent from, and which it has no contact with.
The resulting isolation has negative impacts on the health, education and security of the territory’s population.
AGBU Europe is campaigning to end this forced isolation and for the European Union to engage with Nagorno-Karabakh, in line with its policy of “Engagement without Recognition” applied in Northern Cyprus, Abkhazia and Transdnistria.